Miyamoto Musashi (jap. 宮本 武蔵; * im früheren Dorf Miyamoto, Mimasaka; † Juni in der Höhle Reigandō, Kumamoto) war ein japanischer Rōnin. Hauptperson ist der historische Samurai Miyamoto Musashi. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Zum Inhalt. Personen. von Niccolò Machiavelli, Miyamoto Musashi, et al. 5,0 von 5 Sternen 3.
Musashi Miyamoto Beschreibung
Miyamoto Musashi war ein japanischer Rōnin und Begründer der Niten-Ichiryū-Schwertkampfschule. Heute ist er vor allem durch sein Werk Gorin no Sho bekannt, welches vor allem als Quelle für Lebensweisheiten und Managementstrategien dient. Miyamoto Musashi (jap. 宮本 武蔵; * im früheren Dorf Miyamoto, Mimasaka; † Juni in der Höhle Reigandō, Kumamoto) war ein japanischer Rōnin. Hauptperson ist der historische Samurai Miyamoto Musashi. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Zum Inhalt. Personen. von Niccolò Machiavelli, Miyamoto Musashi, et al. 5,0 von 5 Sternen 3. Miyamoto Musashi (–) wird bis heute in Japan als»Kensei«, als Weiser und»Heiliger des Schwertes«verehrt. Der Samurai hatte auf der Suche nach. Miyamoto Musashi ist der größte Samurai Kämpfer der Geschichte sowie Autor des Buchs der 5 Ringe. Wir erzählen seine spannende. Kein anderer Samurai erlangte die Berühmtheit, wie dieser eine: Miyamoto Musashi. Dieses Buch schrieb er für seinen Adoptivsohn. Es ist eine Anle innerhalb.
Unbesiegbar werden durch innere Größe das ist die strategische Weisheit des legendären Samurai Miyamoto Musashi ( ). Von seinen Zeitgenossen. Niemand personifiziert den Samurai-Geist mehr als Miyamoto Musashi, der unbesiegte Ronin. Dieses Buch ist ohne zu zögern an alle Japan und Samurai Fans. Miyamoto Musashi ist der größte Samurai Kämpfer der Geschichte sowie Autor des Buchs der 5 Ringe. Wir erzählen seine spannende.
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Citations de Miyamoto Musashi Signaler ce contenu Voir la page de la citation. Miyamoto Musashi On gagne une bataille en connaissant le rythme de l'ennemi, et en utilisant un rythme auquel il ne s'attendait pas.
Inutile d'imiter les autres. Lorsque l'on est devenu expert dans toutes les voies, on ne semble pas rapide aux regards des autres.
L'esprit de garde est un esprit d'attente de l'initiative de l'adversaire. Bibliographie de Miyamoto Musashi 11 Voir plus.
Trente-cinq articles sur la.. Sagesse des arts martiaux. Les cinq anneaux: Go Rin No.. Gorin-No-Sho : Ecrits sur le..
Le Japon en ses oeuvres steka livres. Legend has it that these eight schools were founded by eight monks taught by a legendary martial artist resident on the sacred Mount Kurama.
At some point, the Yoshioka family also began to make a name for itself not merely in the art of the sword but also in the textile business and for a dye unique to them.
They gave up teaching swordsmanship in when they fought in the Army of the West against Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Battle of Osaka , which they lost.
But in , when Musashi began duelling them, they were still preeminent. They faced off, and Musashi struck a single blow, per their agreement.
This second victory outraged the Yoshioka family, whose head was now the year-old Yoshioka Matashichiro. Musashi broke his previous habit of arriving late, and came to the temple hours early.
Hidden, Musashi assaulted the force, killing Matashichiro, and escaping while being attacked by dozens of his victim's supporters.
To escape and fight off his opponents he was forced to draw his second sword and defend himself with a sword in each hand. This was the beginning of his niten'ichi sword style.
With the death of Matashichiro, this branch of the Yoshioka School was destroyed. He was said to have used bokken or bokuto in actual duels.
Participants in most of the engagements from these times did not try to take the opponent's life unless both agreed, but in most duels, it is known that Musashi did not care which weapon his foe used—such was his mastery.
A document dated 5 September , purporting to be a transmission by Miyamoto Munisai of his teachings, suggests Munisai lived at least to this date.
In this year, Musashi departed Nara for Edo , during which he fought and killed a kusarigama practitioner named Shishido Baiken. The Shinto Muso Ryu tradition states that, after being defeated by Musashi, Muso Gonnosuke spent time developing a stick-fighting technique to counter swords and beat Musashi in a rematch.
There are no current reliable sources outside the Shinto Muso Ryu tradition to confirm that this second duel took place.
Somehow, a duel was proposed between the two; in some versions, Nagaoka proposed the duel, in others with Sasaki proposed it out of rivalry or jealously.
Tokitsu believes that the duel was politically motivated, as a matter of consolidating Tadaoki's control over his fief.
The duel was scheduled for April 13, , when Musashi was approximately 30 years old. While Hosokawa officials banned spectators, the island was filled with them anyway.
Sasaki's signature technique was a swift yet powerful overhead slash, the tsubame gaeshi , and he bore the nickname "The Demon of the Western Provinces".
Sasaki arrived at the appointed time, but was then left to wait for hours; Musashi had overslept. In some variants of the tale, Musashi intentionally arrives late as a sign of disrespect.
As he sailed over the Kanmon Straits , Musashi carved a crude oversized bokken from one of the ship's oars with his knife, making an improvised wooden sword, possibly to help wake himself up.
Upon his arrival, an irritated Sasaki chided Musashi's lateness and dramatically threw his scabbard into the sea, as a sign that he would not stop and would fight to the death.
Musashi responded with a taunt of his own, saying that Sasaki clearly wasn't confident in himself if he thought he'd never get a chance to use a fine scabbard again.
The two circled each other, and Sasaki leaped toward Musashi with his trademark overhead strike. Musashi, too, jumped and swung his weapon with a shout, and the two sword strokes met.
Musashi's headband fell off, sliced by Sasaki's sword, but miraculously only the headband was cut rather than Musashi's skull. Musashi's strike, meanwhile, had struck true, crushing Sasaki's skull.
The duel was quite short. Many variants of the tale exist, some almost assuredly written by people with no first-hand knowledge and apocryphal.
In some versions, Musashi wields two swords. In other versions, Musashi uses a normal steel katana or katanas rather than wooden bokken s.
In another version, Musashi arrived to the "duel" with 4 armed retainers and easily mobbed the outnumbered Sasaki in a lopsided battle.
Musashi's late arrival is also controversial. Sasaki's outraged supporters thought it was dishonourable and disrespectful, while Musashi's supporters thought it was a fair way to unnerve his opponent, or was unintentional.
Another theory is that Musashi timed the hour of his arrival to match the turning of the tide. The tide carried him to the island. After his victory, Musashi immediately jumped back in his boat and his flight from Sasaki's vengeful allies was helped by the turning of the tide.
Another theory states he waited for the sun to get in the right position. After he dodged a blow, Sasaki was blinded by the sun.
In —, Musashi participated in the war between the Toyotomi and the Tokugawa. The war had broken out because Tokugawa Ieyasu saw the Toyotomi family as a threat to his rule of Japan; most scholars believe that, as in the previous war, Musashi fought on the Toyotomi side.
Osaka Castle was the central place of battle. The first battle the Winter Battle of Osaka; Musashi's fourth battle ended in a truce.
Some reports go so far as to say that Musashi entered a duel with Ieyasu, but was recruited after Ieyasu sensed his defeat was at hand.
This may seem unlikely since Ieyasu was in his 70s and was in poor health already, but it remains unknown how Musashi came into Ieyasu's good graces.
In his later years, Ogasawara and Hosokawa supported Musashi greatly—an atypical course of action for these Tokugawa loyalists, if Musashi had indeed fought on behalf of the Toyotomi.
He helped construct Akashi Castle and in to lay out the organisation of the town of Himeji. He also taught martial arts during his stay, specializing in instruction in the art of shuriken ninja-star -throwing.
During this period of service, he adopted a son. In , Musashi defeated Miyake Gunbei and three other adepts of the Togun-ryu in front of the lord of Himeji; it was after this victory that he helped plan Himeji.
The school's central idea is given as training to use the twin swords of the samurai as effectively as a combination of sword and jutte. The two then travelled, eventually stopping in Osaka.
In , Miyamoto Mikinosuke, following the custom of junshi , performed seppuku because of the death of his lord. In this year, Miyamoto Iori entered Lord Ogasawara's service.
Musashi's attempt to become a vassal to the lord of Owari , like other such attempts, failed. In , Musashi began to travel again.
Musashi, however was reputedly injured by a thrown rock while scouting in the front line, and was thus unnoticed.
Musashi would officially become the retainer of the Hosokowa lords of Kumamoto in Mon of the Hosokawa clan. Mon of Tokugawa Shogunate. In , Musashi suffered attacks of neuralgia , foreshadowing his future ill-health.
He finished it in the second month of On the twelfth of the fifth month, sensing his impending death, Musashi bequeathed his worldly possessions, after giving his manuscript copy of The Book of Five Rings to the younger brother of Terao Magonojo, his closest disciple.
The Hyoho senshi denki described his passing:. At the moment of his death, he had himself raised up. He had his belt tightened and his wakizashi put in it.
He seated himself with one knee vertically raised, holding the sword with his left hand and a cane in his right hand. He died in this posture, at the age of sixty-two.
The principal vassals of Lord Hosokawa and the other officers gathered, and they painstakingly carried out the ceremony. Then they set up a tomb on Mount Iwato on the order of the lord.
Miyamoto Musashi died of what is believed to be thoracic cancer. His body was interred in armour within the village of Yuge, near the main road near Mount Iwato, facing the direction the Hosokawas would travel to Edo; his hair was buried on Mount Iwato itself.
His grave is not there, but about 45 minutes away, to the east and on the other side of Kumamoto, in the Musashizuka area. Some of his remains were given to Mimasaka so that he could be buried in part with his parents.
The Mimasaka graves are located in the precincts of Musashi Shrine. Nine years later, a major source about his life—a monument with a funereal eulogy to Musashi—was erected in Kokura by Miyamoto Iori [ definition needed ] ; this monument was called the Kokura hibun.
In this technique, the swordsman uses both a large sword, and a "companion sword" at the same time, such as a katana with a wakizashi.
The two-handed movements of temple drummers may have inspired him, although it could be that the technique was forged through Musashi's combat experience.
Jutte techniques were taught to him by his father—the jutte was often used in battle paired with a sword; the jutte would parry and neutralize the weapon of the enemy while the sword struck or the practitioner grappled with the enemy.
Musashi was also an expert in throwing weapons. He frequently threw his short sword, and Kenji Tokitsu believes that shuriken methods for the wakizashi were the Niten Ichi Ryu's secret techniques.
Musashi spent many years studying Buddhism and swordsmanship. He was an accomplished artist, sculptor, and calligrapher.
Records also show that he had architectural skills. Also, he seems to have had a rather straightforward approach to combat, with no additional frills or aesthetic considerations.
This was probably due to his real-life combat experience; although in his later life, Musashi followed the more artistic. He made various Zen brush paintings, calligraphy , and sculpted wood and metal.
Even in The Book of Five Rings he emphasizes that samurai should understand other professions as well. It should be understood that Musashi's writings were very ambiguous, and translating them into English makes them even more so; that is why so many different translations of The Book of Five Rings can be found.
The following timeline follows, in chronological order of which is based on the most accurate and most widely accepted information , the life of Miyamoto Musashi.
He makes particular note of artisans and foremen. When he wrote the book, the majority of houses in Japan were made of wood. In the use of building a house, foremen have to employ strategy based upon the skill and ability of their workers.
In comparison to warriors and soldiers, Musashi notes the ways in which the artisans thrive through events; the ruin of houses, the splendor of houses, the style of the house, the tradition and name or origins of a house.
These too, are similar to the events which are seen to have warriors and soldiers thrive; the rise and fall of prefectures, countries and other such events are what make uses for warriors, as well as the literal comparisons: "The carpenter uses a master plan of the building, and the way of strategy is similar in that there is a plan of campaign".
In the first book the Ground Book he compares his concept of strategy to a foreman carpenter. The foreman carpenter knows his tools and men so well that he is able to guide them; delegating who does what based on their abilities, while also being aware of their morale.
The foreman carpenter, if he wants the better finished product, will treat his men in such a way as to receive their best work.
This illustration begins many more battle-specific lessons in strategy. Musashi says to learn one-thousand things from one thing; as a builder may build a large structure from a small one, so too must a strategist learn to see on the large scale of things.
Initially, Musashi notes that throughout China and Japan, there are many "sword fencers" who walk around claiming they are strategists, but are, in fact, not, which may be because Musashi had defeated some such strategists, such as Arima Kihei.
The idea is that by reading his writings, one can become a true strategist from ability and tactical skill that Musashi had learned in his lifetime.
He argues that strategy and virtue are something that can be earned by knowing the ways of life, the professions around, and perhaps to learn the skills and knowledge of people and the skills of their particular professions.
The attendants of the Kashima Kantori shrines of the province Hitachi received instruction from the gods, and made schools based on this teaching, travelling from province to province instructing men.
This is the recent meaning of strategy. Of course, men who study in this way think they are training the body and spirit, but it is an obstacle to the true way, and its bad influence remains forever.
Thus the true way of strategy is becoming decadent and dying out. As a form, strategy was said to be one of "Ten Abilities and Seven Arts" that a warrior should have, but Musashi disagrees that one person can gain strategy by being confined to one particular style, which seems particularly fitting as he admits "I practice many arts and abilities—all things with no teacher"—this perhaps being one of the reasons he was so highly regarded a swordsman.
Musashi's metaphor for strategy is that of the bulb and the flower, similar to Western philosophy of " the chicken or the egg ", the "bulb" being the student, the "flower" being the technique.
He also notes that most places seem to be mostly concerned with their technique and its beauty. Musashi writes, "In this kind of way of strategy, both those teaching and those learning the way are concerned with colouring and showing off their technique, trying to hasten the bloom of the flower" as opposed to the actual harmony between strategy and skill.
With those who are concerned with becoming masters of strategy, Musashi points out that as a carpenter becomes better with his tools and is able to craft things with more expert measure, so too can a warrior or strategist become more skilled in his technique.
However, just as a carpenter needs to be able to use his tools according to plans, so too must a strategist be able to adapt his style or technique to the required strategy of the battle he is currently engaged in.
This description also draws parallels between the weapons of a trooper or soldier and the tools of a carpenter; the idea of "the right tool for the right job" seems to be implied a lot throughout The Book of Five Rings.
Musashi also puts into motion the idea that when a carpenter is skilled enough in aspects of his job, and creates them with expert measure, then he can become a foreman.
Although it is not expressly mentioned, it may be seen that Musashi indicated that when one learned the areas in which your craft requires carpentry, farming, fine art or battle and is able to apply them to any given situation, one is experienced enough to show others wisdom, as foreman of craftsmen or as a general of an army.
From further reading into the book, the idea of "weapons within strategy" as well as Musashi referring to the power of the writer may seem that the strategy that Musashi refers to does not exclusively reside within the domain of weaponry and duels, but within the realm of war and battles with many men:.
Just as one man can beat ten, so a hundred men can beat a thousand, and a thousand can beat ten thousand.
In my strategy, one man is the same as ten thousand, so this strategy is the complete warrior's craft. Within the book, Musashi mentions that the use of two swords within strategy is mutually beneficial to those who use the skill for individual duels or large engagements.
The idea of using two hands for a sword is an idea that Musashi opposes because there is no fluidity in movement with two hands: "If you hold a sword with both hands, it is difficult to wield it freely to left and right, so my method is to carry the sword in one hand.
Although it is difficult, Musashi agrees that there are times in which the long sword must be used with two hands, but one whose skill is good enough should not need it.
After using two long swords proficiently enough, mastery of a long sword, and a "companion sword", most likely a wakizashi, will be much increased: "When you become used to wielding the long sword, you will gain the power of the Way and wield the sword well.
You can win with a long weapon, and yet you can also win with a short weapon. In short, the Way of the Ichi school is the spirit of winning, whatever the weapon and whatever its size.
It also contains Shuriken-jutsu. It tells single sword kenjutsu also. The strategy of the long sword is different from other strategies in that it is much more straightforward.
In the strategy of the longsword, it seems that Musashi's ideal was that by mastering gripping the sword, it could become a platform used for moving onto the mastery of Ni-Ten Ichi Ryu as well as being able to use a companion sword better.
Musashi often use the term "two fingers" to describe the way to hold the long sword.